نقش میانجی سبک زندگی ارتقادهندۀ سلامت در ارتباط بین سطح فعالیت بدنی و اضطراب در افراد بزرگسال استان سیستان و بلوچستان

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عبدالعزیز رضازهی سیده عذرا میرکاظمی محمد حسین سالاری فر

چکیده

مقدمه: هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی نقش میانجی سبک زندگی ارتقادهندۀ سلامت در رابطۀ بین‌ سطح فعالیت بدنی و اضطراب در افراد بزرگسال استان سیستان و بلوچستان بود.


شیوه‌ی مطالعه: روش پژوهش حاضر توصیفی و طرح آن از نوع همبستگی است که به روش میدانی انجام گرفت. جامعۀ آماری این پژوهش شامل افراد بزرگسال (15 سال به بالا) استان سیستان و بلوچستان بود که از بین آن­ها 360 نفر در شهرستان­های سراوان، چابهار، زاهدان و سوران به روش نمونه­گیری خوشه­ای به عنوان نمونه انتخاب شدند. به­منظور جمع­آوری داده­ها از پرسشنامه­های استاندارد سبک زندگی ارتقادهندۀ سلامت والکر و همکاران (1997)، اضطراب اسپیلبرگر (1970) و پرسشنامۀ سنجش سطح فعالیت­بدنی IPAQ استفاده شد. تجزیه و تحلیل داده­ها با استفاده از آمار توصیفی و مدلسازی معادلات ساختاری و به کمک نرم افزار AMOS انجام شد.


یافته­ ها: نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که سطح فعالیت بدنی بر سبک زندگی ارتقادهندۀ سلامت تأثیر مستقیم و معناداری دارد، همچنین تأثیر فعالیت بدنی بر اضطراب منفی و معنادار می­باشد، تأثیر سبک ارتقادهندۀ سلامت بر اضطراب نیز منفی و معنادار مشاهده گردید. در نهایت، نتایج بیانگر تأثیر غیرمستقیم و معنادار سطح فعالیت بدنی بر اضطراب بواسطۀ سبک زندگی ارتقادهندۀ سلامت بود.


نتیجه­ گیری: یافته­های پژوهش بیانگر اهمیت نقش سبک زندگی ارتقادهندۀ سلامت به عنوان یک واسطه در کاهش اضطراب است؛ بنابراین، ارتقای سبک زندگی موجب تسهیل اثر فعالیت بدنی بر کاهش اضطراب خواهد شد.


واژه هاي کليدي: اضطراب؛ سبک زندگی ارتقادهنده سلامت؛ فعالیت بدنی؛ سیستان و بلوچستان

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نوع مقاله
مقاله پژوهشی

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