بررسی میزان استرس شغلی در معلمان مقطع اول ابتدایی شهرستان زابل

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مریم قلع جهی

چکیده

مقدمه: استرس یا فشار روانی، امروزه یکی از پدیده‌های مهم در زندگی و تهدیدی جدی برای سلامتی افراد در جهان می‌باشد. این مطالعه با هدف بررسی میزان استرس شغلی و تعیین ارتباط آن با ویژگی‌های فردی معلمان در شهرستان زابل انجام شده است.


شیوه‌ی مطالعه: این مطالعه از نوع توصیفی- تحلیلی و به صورت مقطعی در سال 1398 بر روی 60 نفر از معلمان کلاس اول ابتدایی انجام شد. برای جمع‌آوری داده‌ها از ﭘﺮﺳﺸ‌ﻨﺎﻣﻪ‌ی اﺳﺘﺮس ﺷﻐﻠﯽ ﻣؤﺳﺴﻪ ﺳﻠﺎﻣﺖ و اﯾﻤﻨﯽ اﻧﮕﻠﺴﺘﺎن HSE (Health and Safety Executive) استفاده گردید. داده‌ها به کمک نرم‌افزار SPSS نسخه‌ی 19 و آمار توصیفی و آزمون‌های پارامتری مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفتند.


یافته‌ها: میزان استرس شغلی در حیطه‌های تقاضا، کنترل، ارتباط و تغییرات، در حد متوسط بودند و در دو حیطه‌ی نقش و حمایت مسؤولین، اکثریت افراد استرس زیادی داشتند و در حیطه‌ی همکاران، سطح استرس (متوسط و زیاد) بالاترین درصد را به خود اختصاص داد.


نتیجه‌گیری: با افزایش سابقه‌ی کار و تحصیلات معلمان، به میزان استرس شغلی افزوده می‌شود و افراد متأهل از استرس شغلی بیشتری برخوردار می‌باشند. آموزش راه‌های مقابله با استرس و مدیریت و کنترل آن از طریق شناسایی منابع ایجاد استرس، می‌تواند به طور قابل توجهی از میزان استرس در محیط کاری بکاهد.


کلمات کلیدی: استرس شغلی، پرسش‌نامه‌ی استرس شغلی HSE، معلمان 

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نوع مقاله
مقاله پژوهشی

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